The Republic of Somalia
Canadian citizens using Canadian passports require a visa to enter Somalia for all purposes.
The Ethiopian and U.S. invasion has resulted in an ongoing war for control of the central government. The recent Ethiopian withdrawl from Somalia has caused even greater instability. Various forces are curently fighting to turn the territory into an Islamic republic.
According to the Canadian Government:
"The security situation in Somalia is dangerous and unpredictable, particularly in south-central Somalia and in the capital, Mogadishu. Fighting over the control of these areas between the government (supported by international troops), and the terrorist group al-Shabaab and others continues, despite the election of a new parliament and president in August/September 2012. The ongoing situation represents a very serious threat to travellers. Violent demonstrations, suicide bombings, attacks and military activity occur regularly. You should also be aware that anti-Western sentiment may at times be strong. Foreign travellers, including journalists, human rights activists and humanitarian workers, are at very high risk of kidnapping, murder and arrest without notice or apparent cause. The rule of law is virtually non-existent and there is no guarantee of a fair trial or that local courts will respect diplomatic or United Nations immunity. If you choose to travel to Somalia despite this advisory, you may have difficulty in departing the country. Somaliland (a self-declared republic seeking independence) and Puntland (an administrative region in the northeast) have remained more stable than the south-central part of the country. Nonetheless, violent attacks on foreign targets have occurred in these regions. The United Kingdom continues to advise, in its travel advice for Somalia, that there is a specific threat to Westerners in Somaliland. Inter-clan conflicts often erupt into fighting in the Sanaag and Sool regions of Somaliland along the border with Puntland. Tensions and violence in the south of the country could spread to Somaliland and Puntland at any time. There is a high threat from terrorism in Somalia. Regional terror groups, including al Qaeda and al-Shabaab, continue to threaten Western interests. Terrorist attacks against government targets involving the use of heavy weapons are frequent, particularly in Mogadishu. High-profile events could also be targeted. Public transportation, including the international airport, public venues such as hotels and restaurants, and international institutions have also been targeted, and civilian casualties are not uncommon. Further attacks cannot be ruled out. Be vigilant in crowded places and monitor local media. Foreigners are at very high risk of being kidnapped throughout Somalia, including in Somaliland. Several Westerners, including humanitarian workers, have been kidnapped in recent years."
A visa is required to visit those areas under the authority of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG). The visa can be obtained in advance from the Embassy of Somali Republic in Kenya.
SOMALILAND and PUNTLAND
Republic of Somaliland, and Republic of PuntlandInquiries regarding visas for Somaliland and Puntland should be directed to the person/organization you will be visiting. Visas are also required for Somaliland and Puntland, and it is recommended that these also be obtained in advance.The Republic of Somaliland maintinas an 'embassy' in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, which sells visas on the spot for US$40. Call +251-116635921/2 or +0116635921 to arrange an appointment with the consul of Somaliland in Addis. The Somaliland office is between the Mozambique and Madagascar embassies.
You may attempt to gain a visa by contacting the Permanent Representative of the Somali Republic to the United Nations (425 East 61st Street, Suite 702, New York NY 10021 USA) at Telephone: (212) 688-9410/5046.
You may attempt to gain a visa by contacting the The Embassy of the Somali Federal Republic in Kenya (Likoni Lane, off Dennis Pritt Road, Kilimani, Sarit Centre, Nairobi) at Telephone: 254(0)20 273-6618 and Fax 254(0)20 273-6619.
You may attempt to gain a visa by contacting the Somali Federal Republic Embassy in Addis Ababa, (POBox 1643) Ethiopia, at fax: 0115 505150.
For more information about travel conditions in Africa, please visit the Foreign Affairs Web site.